The Plant Native

Indian Pink


What an absolutely stunning native flower. Small bright-red blossoms open to reveal a yellow star center. It looks like it was perfectly cut out of construction paper. Oh, and the flowers are hummingbird favorites! Indian Pink has many common names—Pinkroot, Woodland Pinkroot—but no matter what you call it, it’s a must for shade and part-shade gardens. Scroll on for planting tips.

Shade – Part Shade
1-3′ tall
Hummingbird favorite
Spigelia marilandica
In nature, Indian Pinks are woodland flowers, found amidst native trees and shrubs

Dig Deeper

Explore the history, types, and where to plant native Indian Pink

Table of Contents

Indian Pinks are a hummingbird favorite

Indian Pink’s number one pollinator is the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird. This long-beaked, long-tongued bird is why Indian Pink’s flower is so long and narrow. (For other hummingbird favorites, check out our Guide to Planting Hummingbird Gardens.)

These beautiful native flowers open right after spring ephemerals (like Trout Lilies) die back, in the early spring.

Just before the flowers open, you'll see red elongated flowers

When does Indian Pink bloom?

Indian Pink blooms in the spring through to early summer. In the south, this is normally around March-June. In the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic, you’ll see flowers from April to early July. Indian Pink is known for its long bloom time—few native flowers stay out as long.

After the flowers bloom, the dark green leaves remain until the plant dies back in the fall. New growth will emerge the following spring.

Indian Pink thrives in a wide range of the Mid-Atlantic and Southern US. Map from the USDA

Where is Indian Pink native?

Indian Pink is native to a wide swatch of the United States, from Maryland south to Florida, and west to Texas and Missouri. Sadly, Indian Pink is considered endangered in many of these areas.

What are good pairings for Indian Pink?

Pair Indian Pinks with other native plants that like shade or part shade and thrive in Midwest, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern gardens. Favorites include:




Blue-Eyed Grass




Mountain Laurel


Red Columbine



Added bonus: Indian Pink is deer-resistant

Deer do NOT eat Indian Pink! If you’re worried about deer nibbling your garden, these are a perfect native plant. 

Indian Pink is an absolutely stunning native flower that thrives in shade or part-shade gardens. Its stunning flowers are hummingbird favorites and they stay open and beautiful for a long bloom time: from spring to early summer. Plant them with other native flowers found in Mid-Atlantic, Midwest, or Southern gardens for a fuss-free, gorgeous landscape (especially compared to lawns or non-native plants.) Check out our Guide to Hummingbird Gardens for more hummingbird landscaping inspiration. Happy planting!

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